The importance of water in agriculture and it’s processes remains undefeatable as it is the most basic means through which plants and animals get the necessary elements needed for growth.
In plants, water is the medium that takes all available nutrients in the soil and pass it round the different parts of a plant. In animals and even humans, water aids the circulation of nutrients needed for growth and development.
Without water, a plant or animal will lose its vitality and dissolve into in-existence.
Considering this importance of water, it is unprecedented that water is life and water is agriculture. Over the years, in a bid to promote sustainability and maintain availability of water for farmers to carry out agricultural processes, several mechanisms and innovations have been deviced. Top on the list is Irrigation which enables consistent supply of water throughout the seasons of the year, breaking the jinx of rain-dependence and enabling food availability all year round.
In developed as well as developing countries, irrigation in its different forms has formed a key tool for agricultural progression. Irrigation has been practiced in different forms, from the use of water storage tanks to collect rain water for future distribution through pipes in the farm, to creation of boreholes to bring forth water all year round.
Irrigation methods which entails the storage and redistribution of water have been effective measure in controlling water excesses and deficit.
In Nigeria today, there is available excess water and many locations are flooded due to the abundance of rainfall. Sadly, the water storage systems available are not in sufficient capacity to hold in all the available water. Hence, water runoff and flooding is experienced in different locations of the country. Consequently leading to destruction of farms and infrastructures such as roads.
Regardless of the current availability of excess water, in coming days during the dry season, many farmers would suffer from water deficit as no sufficient method of water storage was put in place during the availability of excess water. Water deficit will in turn lead to low production, reduced food availability and ultimately food insecurity.
As earlier stated, enhancing water availability can be done to water storage and creation of boreholes. While unregulated sinking of boreholes are unsustainable as they result in soil-nutrient depletion, cause seismic activity in the earth which could accumulate into earthquakes; making provision for water storage materials like overhead tanks and reservoirs will promote creation of sustainable agriculture and communities.
Hence, as much as farmers can not absolutely control supply of rain water, with or without the support of the government, we can make more water available if we device means of storing in larger capacities and effectively managing the excess water that runs off to cause damages to our streets and farms.